Normal Anatomy of the Spine

The spine, also called the back bone, is designed to give us stability, smooth movement as well as providing a corridor of protection for the delicate spinal cord.

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Back Pain

The incidence of back pain has drastically increased. Approximately 90% of Americans experience back pain at different stages of their life. In America, the annual expenditure for the treatment of back pain is approximately $50 billion. Back pain is not a disease; rather it is a symptom due to an underlying pathology.

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Neck Pain

The cervical spine comprises of the first 7 vertebrae. It supports the weight of the head and allows its smooth movement. Neck pain refers to pain or discomfort resulting from abnormalities or injuries to any of the structures in the neck including the muscles, ligaments, nerves, bones and vertebral joints.

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Spine Trauma

Spine trauma is damage to the spine caused from a sudden traumatic injury caused by an accidental fall or any other physical injury.

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Vertebral Fractures

There are many types of vertebral fractures. Some result from low energy falls in older people with softer bone, while others result from high energy falls and accidents like ski crashes and motor vehicle accidents.

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Spine Injections

Spine injections are a nonsurgical treatment modality recommended for treatment of different types of chronic back pain. Injection of certain medicinal agents relieves the pain by blocking the nerve signals between specific areas of the body and the brain.

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Click on the topics below to find out more from the orthopedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.